Child malnutrition stalls Africa growth

Washington - Poorly fed children rob Africa of up to 16% of its potential growth, making investment in programs to end malnutrition as critical to the continent's future as building bridges and roads, African leaders and development officials said on Monday.

Almost half all child deaths in Africa are caused by inadequate food and it is the underlying cause of many diseases, yet approaches to tackling health and child nutrition are disjointed and unco-ordinated, limiting their impact, according to World Bank and United Nations reports.

"Every child stunted is GDP growth that is left on the table," World Bank President Jim Yong Kim said at an event on the sidelines of the US-Africa Leaders Summit which lasts through to Wednesday.

He called it a "fundamental mistake" to neglect health and welfare in developing a national growth strategy. The lessons learned from Asia and Latin America are that economic growth alone will not resolve poverty and malnutrition, and that human development programs reap significant growth dividends, he and other leaders said.

The discussion marked the first time heads of state have sat down with ministers of agriculture, health, finance and foreign affairs as well business representatives, donors and development agencies to share ideas on how to make child nutrition a budgetary priority.

The financing needs are considerable. An extra $10.3bn in new public resources would be required to scale up food programs in the 36 countries that have the highest levels of malnutrition and that account for 90% of children whose growth is stunted by inadequate nutrition, according to a World Bank report.

But those costs would be easily offset by raising GDP levels in Sub-Saharan Africa by at least two to three percentage points, experts said. The dividends for African economies range from two percent to 16% of GDP, based on UN and World Bank data.

Abdoulaye Diop, Mali's foreign minister, called it a worthwhile investment.

"If we are leaving one-third to 40% of our people on the roadside, we will not make it [economically]. It is a generation that is gone and it will take 25 to 30 years to correct," Diop said.

Nigeria's Agriculture Minister Akinwumi Adesina said the benefits of improved child nutrition include raising school performance and lifting overall intelligence levels, which in turn will deliver significant results over time to a country.

"We invest so much in infrastructure, in bridges and in roads. But most important is grey matter. We really need to invest in that," said Adesina.

The nutrition programs that have delivered the best results focus on the first 1 000 days of a child's life to promote breast-feeding, improve sanitation, and boost vitamin and mineral supplements, experts said.

So far programs have been unco-ordinated, said Agnes Binagwaho, Rwanda's minister of health. "We are making the mistakes we made 20 years ago with HIV/Aids. We know what to do, but we are not playing as a team," she said.

Read more on: food health
On The Edge 2014/08/04 10:10:30 PM
Funny, one would have thought that white South Africans would've been blamed for this too... never the less, Frank, you right while additionally, the world is to blame for what they have left behind to become an epidemic, just like apartheid left blacks behind in townships to breed, rape and kill one other... the world is just as guilty for atrocities of injustice against Africa as whole as NATS were for their atricties against black South Africans!
Werner Roets 2014/08/04 10:16:18 PM
Just have half as many children then you can feed twice as much. YAY I SOLVED IT.
Anne Thrax 2014/08/04 10:33:51 PM
Teel en steel...the story of africa...
africanhero 2014/08/04 11:12:41 PM
Eish, bad indeed.
Jamill Ahmed 2014/08/04 11:37:29 PM
Zumas eyes must be going ka ching thinking how he can get his hands on some of it he must be brainstorming how he can pull off this beggar heist move in the name of apartheid lol
Bento Maepa 2014/08/05 12:02:18 AM
The first world is supplying condoms, both male and female versions, free of charge, to African countries to help curb the spread of HIV/AIDS. These condoms can also be used as contraceptives to cut down on unwanted pregnancies - but they are not. Seems this problem will be with us for some years to come.
mantlekilo 2014/08/05 08:38:34 AM
Poor choices (both parties) when falling pregnant is the crux of this problem. I would go as far as to say that even if it is your right to father/give birth to as many 'offspring' as you wish, if you birth a child without a more than reasonable chance of feeding, nurturing and educating this child until they are 18 years old.....then your folly is a crime ..... a crime against the rest of humanity. People continue to create problems and at this rate the future is only going to get worse.
Mahopo Tjale Cloupas 2014/08/07 06:08:46 PM
Malnutrition will only be solved if we work together as stakeholders and professionals.