Times hard for Nokia

Helsinki - Nokia's surprise announcement of massive new spending cuts and 10 000 more layoffs had observers cautioning the beleaguered mobile phone giant is at a crossroads that will determine if it sinks or swims.

Nokia, which only recently lost the world number one ranking it had held for 14 years, dramatically changed its strategy a year and a half ago when the then new chief executive, Stephen Elop, warned it was "standing on a burning platform" and needed to immediately shift course.

But after the company on Thursday suddenly said new big spending cuts and another 10 000 job cuts would be needed on top of the some 12 000 layoffs already announced since the shift, some observers said the company appeared to be slowly committing suicide.

"Nokia jumped from a burning oil platform and sank like a stone," the STT news agency said, summing up Thursday's announcement.

The Finnish company's new strategy involved phasing out its Symbian smartphones in favour of a partnership with Microsoft.

That alliance has produced a first line of Lumia smartphones, which Nokia is counting on to help it survive in a rapidly changing landscape marked by stiff competition from RiM's Blackberry, Apple's iPhone and handsets running Google's Android platform.

Wrong strategy

"I believe it was the wrong strategy from the beginning," Andalys Oy analyst Ari Hakkarainen told AFP, stressing though that now that Nokia had shifted course it was too late to turn the tanker around.

"They have chosen this strategy and they have invested everything that Nokia has in the new strategy. Basically, they must succeed or die," he said.

"They are at a crossroads," agreed Pohjola Bank analyst Hannu Rauhala, adding that it was hard to predict Nokia's future since "the visibility of the business is very poor."

The company, which in 2008 enjoyed more than 40% of the global mobile phone market, was already struggling to maintain its leading position when it entered the Microsoft partnership.

Since that deal it has been bumped by Samsung as king on the hill and reportedly has just around 20% market share.

"Nokia took a calculated risk and they knew that (the shift) would be very painful and that Nokia would lose market share in the short term, but in the long term of course, they have the reasoning that Nokia will bounce back," Hakkarainen said.

The company's announcement on Thursday that it would implement an additional $2.0bn in cost cuts by the end of 2013, shutting down factories in Germany, Canada and Finland and letting go 10 000 more employees was meanwhile taken as a bad sign by many.

"Perhaps they should have enacted these reforms earlier. Investors who are looking for long-term profit are not convinced that Nokia is a company that can deliver in the future," Dividend House analyst Arje Rimon told AFP.

Junk status

Nokia's stock price plunged by as much as 16% Thursday and on Friday, ratings agency Moody's downgraded the company's long-term credit rating to junk status, following in the footsteps of Fitch and Standard and Poor's.

"Today's rating action reflects our view that Nokia's far-reaching restructuring plan ... delineates a scale of earnings pressure and cash consumption that is larger than we had previously assumed," Moody's said, adding though that it thought the restructuring was "positive and necessary."

Analysts too were caught off guard by the scope of Thursday's announcement.

"I thought it would be smaller... This shows the market situation is worse than we thought," Rauhala said.

Many observers meanwhile applauded Nokia for its decision to slim down in a bid to improve its competitiveness.

Juhani Risku, previously in charge of Nokia innovation, told AFP he thought it was "an excellent move to make the company smaller."

More competitive

"Hopefully, it will make the company more competitive, as it will have to sell fewer phones to cover its fixed costs," agreed Nomura Securities analyst Richard Windsor.

At the end of March, Nokia counted 122 148 employees worldwide, including the nearly 70 000 working for Nokia Siemens Network, but those numbers do not take into account the tens of thousands of layoffs announced but not yet put into effect.

As Nokia continues to trim down and in light of its share price - which since Elop announced the strategy shift has fallen from above 8.0 euros to below 2.0 euros - has meanwhile made the company a prime takeover target, observers say.

"That's certainly possible," Rauhala said, mentioning Samsung, Microsoft and Facebook as names circulating as potential buyers.

"Nokia has many interesting assets (and) its brand is still very good," he said.

According to Andalys Oy analyst Hakkarainen, however, the company's brand might be so strong that it would frighten off its direct competitors, which might not want to pay the price for another brand or want the hassle with regulators.

"But if I was an Asian, or let's say a Chinese manufacturer, I would be very interested," he told AFP.
Read more on: samsung apple nokia mobile
Michael de Villiers 2012-06-17 02:53:54 PM
Well that's what you get for constantly plopping out Symbian phones with last decades' tech for so long.
monde.sibisi 2012-06-17 03:31:03 PM
Its good that they are making simple phones, but with companies like Samsung giving giants such as Apple a run for their money with the new Samsung galaxy s 3, Nokia should just go back to the drawing board and re-think their strategies
Manie Moenie Engelbrecht 2012-06-17 03:46:59 PM
Goodbye old friend. You have been around for a long time but its time to go. I will miss you. HTC is the new big kid on the block.
Christo Zeelie 2012-06-17 03:54:47 PM
Nokia always came out with a new-look phone, but the apps were always the same. They'll need to go back to the drawing board and come up with something out of this world to regain market share. But for now, every soul i know has a Blackberry :)
Rory Short 2012-06-17 04:24:18 PM
I have always liked my Nokia phone and I hope that it will come through this hiccup okay but perhaps getting into bed with Microsoft was not a good idea.
yo.mero.31149 2012-06-17 05:59:25 PM
tyranvz 2012-06-18 08:38:23 AM
Nokia phones have a life expectancy of 8 months and then u wish life away for your next upgrade. I say 'burn'. You had your glory months. Go away now. iPhone all the way.
Ngenani.Teddy.Mboto 2012-06-18 09:49:14 AM
should the doctors resuscitate nokia, it must improve its batteries in most of the phones. they are now weak.
badballie 2012-06-18 01:33:52 PM
Nokia left their platform unchanged for way to long, a typical profit driven decision that has cost them dearly. They will have to fight a long hard battle to regain market share and consumer confidence, people were telling them 5 years ago that their Symbian platform was outdated, their failure to upgrade or find other technologies to use has simply been a case of them shooting themselves in the foot.