Foley's death isn't changing views in Congress
Washington - The beheading of an American journalist in Syria, for all its horror, appears unlikely to change lawmakers' minds about military intervention against Islamic State extremists.
It's equally unclear whether the Obama administration will be asking them to back a new US approach.
President Barack Obama said the United States wouldn't scale back its military posture in Iraq in response to James Foley's killing. But he offered no specifics on Wednesday about what new steps he might take to protect additional captives and other Americans, and ward off what he described as the al-Qaeda offshoot's genocidal ambitions.
The initial response from members of Congress was mixed, reflecting the divide of the American people. While all decried Foley's death, hawks, particularly Republicans, continued to assail the Obama administration's limited airstrikes in Iraq and its refusal to target Islamic State bases in neighbouring Syria.
The president's supporters voiced support for the current, cautious intervention in Iraq. No tea partiers or dovish Democrats who have cautioned against military action publicly changed position.
"The president's rhetoric was excellent, but he didn't outline steps to stop the slaughter," Republican Senator John McCain, one of Obama's harshest foreign policy critics, said in a telephone interview.
"The strategy should be to launch all-out air attacks in Iraq and Syria to defeat Isil," he said, using an alternative acronym for the Sunni militants.
Interrupting his family vacation in Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, Obama denounced the Islamic State as a "cancer" threatening the entire Middle East. And military planners weighed the possibility of sending a small number of additional US troops to Baghdad.
Still, Obama was vague about what more his administration would do, saying the US will stand with others to "act against" the extremists.
"We will be vigilant and we will be relentless," he said. "When people harm Americans, anywhere, we do what's necessary to see that justice is done."
That message was clearly inadequate for McCain, the Republican candidate Obama defeated for the presidency in 2008.
The Arizona senator, who has clamoured for years for US action against government forces and extremists in Syria, said the Islamic State has "erased the boundaries between Syria and Iraq, and we must treat it the same way".
Otherwise, he said, the militants will enjoy a sanctuary in Syria where they can regroup and create more chaos.
Other Republicans echoed that message. "The Iraqis have already demonstrated that they cannot stop them on their own," said Republican representative Mike Pompeo, a House Intelligence Committee member and former Army officer. "The president's current path of action has been far too limited to make a difference."
Republican representative Ed Royce, the House Foreign Affairs Committee chairperson, said the US must aggressively arm the Islamic State's opponents. Senator Marco Rubio called Obama's approach "piecemeal".
Some Democrats, too, pushed for expanding US military action into Syria. "Otherwise, they will continue to threaten Americans and the interests of our country," said Democratic Senator Bill Nelson.
Others, however, expressed caution and said the president was reacting appropriately.
Representative Adam Schiff, a California Democrat and House Intelligence Committee member, said the administration has to be on guard against mission creep after launching operations to protect Americans and Iraqi infrastructure, provide humanitarian relief and solidify Iraq's new government.
"The mission already crept a bit," Schiff said in a telephone interview. "The administration would be wise to not get sucked in. That's going to be very hard."
He said Foley's death "brings home in the most horrifically graphic terms what a scourge" the Islamic State is, but it doesn't provide a broader lesson for US policy.
"If they have time to consolidate their gains, they will attack us. If we take the fight to them, they will attack us," Schiff said.